Using AI to understand customer feelings, we create focused strategies to raise sales and lower churn
Ever had a question about NPS that you weren’t sure you should ask? Well, we are answering ALL those questions. In this ‘Ultimate Guide to the Net Promoter Score’, we are breaking down the definition, advantages, disadvantages, best practices of NPS. This guide is Comprehensive (it’s so comprehensive that we’re capitalizing the C) and discusses EVERY possible question related to the Net Promoter Score.
Here’s a list of sub-topic that this guide will cover.
NPS or Net Promoter Score is generally regarding as the gold standard metric for customer experience. It was developed in 2003 by Fred Reichheld and measure customer loyalty based on the probability of recommendation. This is based on a single question-
On a scale of 0 to 10 (0 being the least likely and 10 the most),
“How likely are you to recommend (a product or service) to your friends and colleagues?”
Depending on the answers, the overall score can range from –100 to 100.
Based on the score, all customers are divided into 3 categories- Promoters, Passives, and Detractors.
Promoters respond with a score of 9 or 10. They are loyal admirers of your company. They enthusiastically refer you to other people and drive recommendations. They promote business growth.
Passives respond with a score of 7 or 8. They are partially satisfied customers. They are neither haters nor admirers. Since they are not loyal to you, they can defect to the competitor, at any time.
Detractors are those who respond with 0 to 6. They are extremely unsatisfied customers. They can damage your brand and impede growth through negative word of mouth. They usually have the highest chances of churning.
Net Promoter Score® is calculated by subtracting the percentage of Detractors from the percentage of Promoters.
For example, if 30% of your customers are detractors, 10% are passives, and the remaining 60% are promoters, you NPS is 60-30 = 30.
Conceptually, Net Promoter Score® can range from –100 (if all customers give a score of 6 or less) to 100 (if all customers give a score of 9 or 10).
Everyone now knows that it costs 5 times more to acquire a new customer, compared to retaining an existing one. So it’s not only easier to retain a customer, it’s cheaper too. Delivering outstanding customer experience is the easiest, most effective way of retaining customers. Net Promoter Score is a metric for calculating the customer experience of a brand. It’s crucial because
Net Promoter Score measures customer satisfaction. It determines the level of Loyalty in your entire customer base. As a general rule of thumb, your Promoters are your loyal customers.
Net Promoter Score has a strong co-relation to future Revenue. A good customer experience company can tell you what impact a 5% increase in your NPS will have on your bottom-line. NPS measures Retention and the probability of repeat transactions, both of which strongly influence Growth. In fact, Fred Reichheld proved that “increasing customer retention by 5% increases profits by 25% to 95%.”
Word of mouth advertising and recommendations are the most convincing kind of advertising. NPS® provides a method to quantify and measure it.
The beauty of the Net Promoter Score® lies in its simplicity. Your customers can answer an NPS question is less than 20 seconds. An NPS program also provides companies with one simple number that everyone from the C-suite to the frontline can understand.
5. Net Promoter Score is great for benchmarking
It’s important for companies to know where they stand compared to the competition. Since Net Promoter Score® is a standard metric used by all leading organizations; it makes it easy to benchmark your company against your competitor’s.
There is no such thing as a ‘good’ Net Promoter Score. The score, on its own is largely irrelevant. What matters is what the score signifies and the factors driving it.
It’s important to understand that NPS is not an absolute score. It’s relative. Meaning, it varies based on the industry. For example, for E-Commerce companies the average Net Promoter Score is 48. For Internet Service providers, it’s -7. Context matters. To check if your NPS is ‘good’, simply compare it to your industry average.
Usually, any Net Promoter Score above 0 is ‘good’. It means you have more Promoters than Detractors. Any score above 50 is great and above 75 is industry-leading.
A transactional NPS® survey is done immediately after a customer interacts (purchase, support call etc) with your company. The goal is to obtain granular feedback about a particular touchpoint.
Transactional NPS® helps companies understand the quality of a specific customer interaction.
Relationship NPS, on the other hand, measures how your customers feel about your company. It is a great indicator of brand health and customer loyalty.
Additionally, it gives you a number to benchmark against industry standards. The biggest advantage of relationship NPS® is that it strongly co-relates with financials. Therefore, it is used to predict future revenue.
Ideally, a company should do both Transactional and Relationship NPS studies to understand customer experience at micro and macro levels.
There are two kinds of statistical analysis that we use to analyze the Net Promoter Score.
Discriminate analysis identifies the differences in the NPS® score between various subgroups. Dividing customers into subgroups based on demographic data leads to granular insights. For instance, dividing customers into premium vs non-premium or location-based segments helps in prioritizing action.
Discriminate analysis helps companies map out ongoing trends and formulate specific strategies for each subgroup.
Regression analysis helps in understanding the factors impacting the Net Promoter Score. It identifies key drivers of NPS and revenue.
Regression analysis helps companies identify and prioritize improvements based on their predicted impact.
When it comes to analyzing the NPS score, the end goal should be to predict growth. You should know what impact a 5% increase in your NPS score will have on your bottom-line. An insights-focused Customer Experience Management firm like us will be able to help you with this.
There is no ideal frequency when it comes to measuring the Net Promoter Score. It largely depends on your industry, goals, and customer base.
However, as a good rule of thumb, measure Relationship NPS monthly or quarterly to understand brand perception.
Transactional NPS is real-time NPS and should be measured after EVERY customer interaction. It measures customer satisfaction at various touchpoints and therefore, its frequency depends on the frequency of customer interactions.
Most of our clients send transactional NPS surveys several times a day. (Don’t worry. The process is entirely automated)
True loyalty affects Profitability. Net Promoter Score relates to Growth because,
The NPS question,
“On a scale of 0 to 10, how likely are you to recommend us to friends and family?”
Quantifies the probability of Recommendation. Recommendations and referrals are the cheapest yet most effective way of lead generation.
In fact, as per an article by HBR,
“Referred customers, on average generate 16% more in profits.”
And, according to WOMMA,
“In B2C, word of mouth’s impact is almost 20% of sales.”
Net Promoter Score identifies the customer segment with the highest possibility of churning, the Detractors. An NPS program makes it easier for companies to follow up with Detractors and proactively solve their issues.
“A 5% increase in customer retention produces more than a 25% increase in profit. And because, return customers tend to buy more from a company, the operating costs to serve them declines”.
Statistically, NPS leaders tend to grow at more than twice the rate of their competitors. Companies with high NPS usually enjoy high growth.
Net Promoter Score and C-Sat (customer satisfaction) score are CX metrics. Both are used to measure a company’s overall customer experience.
There are two major differences between NPS and C-Sat score.
An NPS survey is extremely short and only consists of-
It’s asked on an 11-point scale and is calculated by subtracting the percentage of detractors from the percentage of promoters.
On the contrary, a C-Sat survey consists of several questions and is measured on a 5-point scale. It asks respondents,
“On a scale of 1 to 5, how would you rate your overall satisfaction with our product/service?”
The C-Sat score is the percentage of satisfied customers that is respondents who give a score of 4 and 5. See the formula below.
CSAT Score : number of satisfied customers/total no of responses
Relationship NPS surveys are conducted periodically (monthly, quarterly, bi-annually) whereas C-Sat surveys are triggered after a specific event.
C-Sat surveys calculate customer satisfaction at a particular touchpoint and cannot measure customers’ evolving relationship with a company.
Therefore, C-Sat surveys are useful to find areas for improvement whereas NPS surveys measure overall customer loyalty.
Long story short, both have a time and place is an effective customer experience program.
Here are 7 sure fire ways of improving the Net Promoter Score.
Recording NPS is not a one-time exercise. Monitor your NPS in real-time through dynamic dashboards to keep up with emerging issues.
Did you know that only 10% companies utilize the customer feedback they collect? An NPS program encourages companies to follow up and ‘close the loop’ with customers. Reach out to unhappy customers (detractors) to uncover the reason behind their poor rating. Starting a dialogue (through support calls, emails, SMS) with detractors shows them that you care and prevents them from defecting.
In case you’re interested, here’s a guide on Close Looping.
Try to get the C-suite to buy-in to the Net Promoter Score/CX program. Improving NPS is not a one-man job. Rally your entire company around NPS by explaining the benefits of customer-centricity and how NPS improves Revenue.
Get all departments and executives on board, assign NPS KPIs for teams, and set a realistic NPS goal for the company.
A quick response is one of the most effective way of showing customers that you care. Use an Alert Management System (like ours) to take immediate action on customer feedback and close hot tickets.
Empower your frontline employees with data and tools to turn detractors into promoters. We use role-based, dynamic dashboards to give customer facing employees the information they need to resolve customer issues.
In fact, we trained Toyota’s showroom/service center agents and their NPS increased by 23 points. (Case study here)
Don’t alienate your promoters. Engage them with a referral program and ask them for feedback. Your promoters offer actionable insight regarding strategies and plans that worked.
Analyze your Net Promoter Score to understand root cause. We use Text Analytics and Machine Learning to find root-cause and historical trends. This gives an insight into why your customers are detracting.
Net Promoter Score quantifies the probability of recommendation or referral.
A high Net Promoter Score means most of your customers are promoters. This means, there is a high chance that your customers will recommend and refer you to their friends and family.
Everyone knows that word-of-mouth is the strongest form of advertising. 92% consumers trust recommendations from their friends over ANY other form of advertising. (Source- Nielsen)
Therefore, improving your Net Promoter Score is an absurdly effective method for customer acquisition.
This brings us to our last question.
The beauty of the Net Promoter Score is its simplicity. It consists of only ONE question and an open-ended comment box. With countless survey softwares available offline, it might seem like a good idea to DIY the NPS program.
Arguably, all companies today are tech companies. In fact, if you really want to do NPS in-house, all you have to do is-
If it’s truly this simple, then why do companies outsource this to a customer experience management (CXM) company?
The answer is simple. Like we have explained before, the NPS score on its own doesn’t matter. What’s important is what the score signified. You can record NPS in-house but you’ll be hard pressed to find the reason behind the score.
Sending a survey also includes knowing-
Call us biased but like in all cases, it’s best to defer to experts.
Here are the top 5 reasons why you should outsource your NPS program?
1. Best Industry practices and expertise
Outsourcing your NPS program gives you access to the knowledge and strategies that your NPS vendor has tried and tested across hundreds of their clients.
2. Advanced technology, AI and Predictive Analytics
What impact will a 5% increase in NPS score have on your bottom-line?
Chances are, you can’t answer the question. But an experienced NPS vendor can.
In the long-term, you should be able to devise strategies that directly impact your Revenue.
We use NumrSense AI, our AI-engine to analyze a large volume of customer comments (the second part of an NPS survey) in a matter of seconds. What’s more we use Machine Learning to show you the attributes have the strongest impact on your NPS score. It’s impossible to get these insights with an in-house NPS program.
3. It’s cheaper
Measuring the Net Promoter Score is not a one-time exercise. To truly be on top of things, you need to measure it everyday/after all transactions. Similarly, you must continuously analyze comments and feedback to identify emerging issues. The whole project (with Data Mining, Text Analytics etc.) ends up requiring a lot of people.
In the long run, it’s massively cheaper to simple outsource you NPS Program.
4. An NPS program is more than customer data collection
What most people forget is that the purpose of an NPS program is not to collect customer data and recommendation scores. What matters more, is what you DO with that data.
The main objective of an NPS program is to listen to the voice of your customers (VoC) and find actionable insights that you can use in your decision-making.
5. Higher Accuracy and Speed
Since, a CXM company has been executing NPS programs for years across various vendors; their analysis is actionable and granular.
It’s faster as well. An in-house NPS program will be much slower, given the learning curve.
If you have to wait a month or longer to get your customer reports, then by the time you get them, you have already lost your unsatisfied customers. Outsourcing your NPS program prevents this from happening. Since the analysis is real-time, you get your reports with ample of time to spare.
Stay in the loop with the latest updates and insider insights. Join our community and subscribe to our newsletter today.
The rich text element allows you to create and format headings, paragraphs, blockquotes, images, and video all in one place instead of having to add and format them individually. Just double-click and easily create content.
A rich text element can be used with static or dynamic content. For static content, just drop it into any page and begin editing. For dynamic content, add a rich text field to any collection and then connect a rich text element to that field in the settings panel. Voila!
Headings, paragraphs, blockquotes, figures, images, and figure captions can all be styled after a class is added to the rich text element using the "When inside of" nested selector system.